Israel Palestine Conflict Research Paper

The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Essay

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is of current importance and interest because, although it was solved, there is a great probability that it may break out again. It was very difficult to achieve peace in this conflict because the problem was not only in the current political situation and relations between Palestine and Israel nowadays, the root of the conflict is in distant past. There are two ethnical groups – Israelis and Palestinians – and they are fighting for the same geographical territory. Both these groups have deep roots on this territory, they can present a lot of arguments to prove that this area belongs to them. These arguments are reasonable from both sides, they have historical and religious basement. The question is: who is right here and how to solve this conflict?

United States approaches the Middle East conflict pragmatically. This country tries to get profit from this conflict and promotes its own interests. U.S. wants to see stability in the Middle East regions and put a lot of efforts to guarantee it. There are several reasons of such U.S. policy. “U.S. foreign policy has therefore been based upon four cornerstones: the preservation of a continued flow of large quantities of cheap Gulf oil; the protection of the State of Israel; the containment of Communism as introduced by foreign powers (the Soviet Union in past years); and the curbing of movements potentially threatening stability, especially Islamic fundamentalism and (historically) radical leftist ideology” (Hassassian). So, the U.S. policy can be characterized by the factors mentioned above. Foreign policy of the U.S. is greatly determined by its internal policy. America is a democratic country where minorities play an essential role in determining the state policy. In addition Jewish community in the U.S. is very influential. It has great political influence and has prominent charity organizations. That is why Jewish community plays an important role in determining American foreign policy. More than 40 percent of the world oil resources are situated in the Middle East and that is one of the reason of America’s steadfast interest to the conflict between Israel and Palestine. The United States has supported and protected Israel since its foundation. In addition it invested money to the growth and development of this country. Since the period of its foundation, Israel has received about $140 billion from the United States. This figure is several times higher than support any other country has ever received. Such an amount of money is partially explained by great influence of pro-Israel Jewish community. Another more pragmatic reason is a good strategic location of Israel. It is situated at the doorway to Asia and good relations between the U.S. and Israel guarantee the U.S. free access to the Suez Canal. The confrontation with Communist regimes and the division of the sphere of influence is another reason of the active participation of the United State in the conflict. “With the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, the United States was able to impose unthreatened hegemony in the region, a privilege never before seen in world history. Such domination of the incredible resources of the Gulf in many ways means the United States can do what it wants. This results in an American arrogance and a readiness to destroy all possible threats to its hegemony” (Hassassian). The United States officially took part in the negotiation between Israel and Palestine and approved the policy of “land for peace”. But in reality it never stopped financial, military and moral support of Israel. Arafat agreed with the concepts proposed by EU because it was based on the resolutions 242 and 338 of the United Nations and was based on the “land for peace policy”. At the same time Israel ignores commitments made in Oslo feeling the support of the United States and breaks U.N. resolutions feeling the support of the U.S. “Since the signing of Oslo, Israel has expropriated more land for settlement building than during any other time in history. Over 50 percent of the West Bank and 35 percent of Gaza are now reserved for settlements, leaving the Palestinian Authority in charge of a• meager 3 percent” (Hassassian). At the same time, U.S. who officially proclaims the policy of equal attitudes and stands for the peace in the region, shows no discontent with the actions of Israel. Moreover, official figures of the US policy express ideas, that Palestine should lower its expectations concerning the conflict resolutions and keep silence about the agreement made between Israel and Palestine earlier.

The United States and European countries are active participants of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The US foreign secretary is an active member of most conferences that were devoted to this problem. In my opinion, European countries and the United States pay too much attention to this conflict and interfere in it. Only these two nations all in all can solve it, because it isn’t an economic or political conflict, it’s religious conflict, conflict of interests and only people of this religion can find the solution. Of course, other countries should do everything to help Palestinians and Israelis to solve this conflict without war and blood. In no way other countries must try to use this conflict in their own selfish ends, it will only complicate the situation and lead to war, all in all.

Bibliography

1. Chopra, J. Planning Considerations for International Involvement in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Working Report of Track IiI negotiations. Unpublished, 2004.
2. Hassassian Maunuel. U.S. National Interests in the Middle East/ The U.S.A. and The ConflictVol.4 Nos. 3 & 4 1997.
3. Newman, D., “Citizenship, identity and location: the changing discourse of Israeli geopolitics”. In: K. Dodds & D. Atkinson (Eds.) Geopolitical Traditions: A Century of Geopolitical Thought. London:Routledge, 2000. pp.: 302-331.
4. Newman, D., and Yacobi, H,. The EU and the Israel\Palestuine Conflict: An Ambivalent Rlaltionship. EUBORDERCONF Workling Paper No. 4, 2004.

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Posted in Essay Examples Tags: Politics

 Israeli –Palestinian Conflict

 By

Rana Alshami

IUG , Winter , 2014

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Abstract
This research tries to answer three questions according to some points of views. Firstly, what is preventing a just solution for the Israeli – Palestinian Conflict ? Secondly, what does each side believe is the root of the conflict ? Finally, how will facing historical facts be important to solving this conflict ? After collecting data from an interview with the Palestinian and Jewish Politicians, results reveal that both sides have different views about the conflict and both agree on one point that we need a solution and peace which bring us all the rights .

 Introduction 

In this research, the researcher will talk about the conflict between Palestinian people and Israelis. She will discuss the roots of the conflict. To begin with talking about the conflict. The researcher also attempt to analyze the roots and development of this crime in scientific manner.The Palestinians, who are the victims of this crime, have never stopped struggling to defend their homeland and protect their human rights. Both the British occupation Army, until their departure in 1948, and the Zionist terrorist organizations , such as the lrgun and stern gang, used force to drive out hundreds of thousands Palestinians.

The problem of the study
The concern of the research paper is to provide a background of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict and eventually come up with sound solution/s to the said conflict. Specifically, this paper aims to answer some questions in order to give a better understanding about the Arab Israeli Conflict .

Objectives of the study
1. To present a background on the Israeli – Palestinian Conflict.
2. To present possible solutions to the conflict .
3. To explore the roots of the conflict and analyze it based on some concepts .

Questions of the study
This research is going to answer the following questions :
1. What is preventing a just solution for the Israeli –Palestinian conflict ?
2. What does each side believe is the root of the conflict ?
3. How will facing historical facts be important to solving this conflict ?

Definitions of terms
Zionism : its movement aimed at ‘ living in the land of the Jews and return to zion ‘ (www.mideastweb.org/breifhistory.htm). Also, it’s the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine ruled by the Jews.
Self-determination : the concept wherein people of the same culture contents move for their independence and for them to own territory who can enjoy civil and political rights without external control.
Power Urge : the need to stress the rights of the state to exist and the self assertion .
Nationalism : identity of the national state .

Limitation of the study
The study was conducted to look into the issues surrounding the Israel –Palestinian Conflict. The study will discuss the background of the conflict and will dwell on some of theories and concepts that can be applied in understanding the conflict and the concepts will serve as tools for understanding the conflict and the bases for possible solutions to the Israel Palestinian contention .
The aspects being looked into the research are internal and external causes of the state actors involved in the conflict , and the possible solutions for it. Further, the study will only cover the background of the conflict. starting from the situation of Palestine under ottoman rule till the current situation .

Literature Investigation
According to Darwaz, (1981) He said in this topic one of the most important factors that changing the map of Palestine was the creation of the Zionist organization to from to the basis for the future Zionist state. The huge number of the Zionist settlers were situated in a sensitive positions in the British administration of Palestine, while the same time Palestine were kept away of such positions. Also, the Jewish agency developed into, in the words of the various commissions of inquiry, a state within a state . Even Britain refused to discuss giving Palestine independent rule, a constitution, or a legislative council reflecting the numerical strength of the Arab and Jewish populations in the country and all of this because it contradicts the pledge given to the Jews to establish a Jewish national home in Palestine . So the Arabs fear that Palestine might become a Hebrew state and it will become as Israel trying to do that hardly. Darwas mentioned another factor which was preparing the Zionist economy in Palestine in such way as to install the economic foundations of the Israeli state. Thus the British Mandate put the main resources of the country under the control of Zionist companies. The writer talked about the concept of nationalism and self determination can be applied in understanding the growing conflict between the Jews and the Palestinians. The core of the Israel-Palestine contention is rooted on the nationalist movement of both people claiming the same land. Nationalism asserts the right of a nation of people to be served by a state that complements their interests. Nationalism played a major role in the events leading to the Israel – Palestine conflict since both parties ground on the dream of recovering their sacred home land. International Law recognizes the state‘s right to self –determination to ensure its survival. The principle of the right to self-determination can be applied in the continuing Israel-Palestine conflict since both parties claim the establish ment of sovereign stat i.e. Palestine state and a Jewish state on grounds of recovery of ancestral domain.
According to Forer(2010), he said and clarified that the Zionist claim that Arab countries broadcast radio message to encourage the exodus of Palestinians from villages in what is now Israel . Recited before the united nations , this claim was calculated to minimize the world‘s sympathy for the plight of the Palestinian people and to deny them the right to return to homes left behind in the new nation of Israel. Professor Walid Khalidi proved that the claim was a fabrication . His findings were independently corroborated two years later by Irish scholar and U.N. diplomat , Erskine Childers . By examining the archives of Arab governments and newspapers and the report of the CIA , as well as the BBC , which monitored every Arab radio broadcast in 1948 , both men demonstrated that no such encouragement had occurred. To the contrary , he mentioned the Arab broadcast appealed to people not to leave their homes . In addition , Israel has established a national directorate to deal with hasbara . Commonly used to refer to propaganda .
Pragati, (2013) states the history of this age old conflict and analyze the viability of internationally suggested solutions . Owing to their history, going back at least 5000 years in time . He tried to find the bones of contention between the two peoples, clearly laying out the issues and problems along with the need to resolve them .
According to Akram and Lynk, (2013) the writers talk about the factors that made the conflict between Palestinian and Israel . One of those factors, the creation of the state of Israel in 1948 captured the imagination of many western countries as appropriate restitution for the horrors of the Jewish Holocaust in Europe. In the same time , many in the third world saw the rise of the Zionism and the dispossession by they Palestinian as anachronistic example of settler colonialism , arriving on the historical stage just European Colonial empires were exiting . Moreover, the Arabs – Israeli conflict attract the attention of all people around the world .
Hurewits,(1956) said the Zionists claims to an historic title to Palestine was first advanced by the first Zionist organization to the peace conference in Paris in 1991 . The Zionist organization suggested the adoption of a resolution whereby the allied powers would recognize the historic title of the Jewish people to Palestine and the right of the Jews to reconstitute in Palestine their national home .
For Cattan ,(1973) mentioned that the Jewish people in Palestine have lived in the past in harmony with the Arab society . They never agitated for Zionism. The whole agitation has come from outside, from Jews on other parts of the world .He added , a very large number of the Jewish community in Palestine today look with considerable aversion not only upon the Zionist home but upon the Jews who are being introduced into the country from Eastern Europe.
According to Pragati ,(2013) attempted to trace the history of this age old conflict and analyse the viability of internationally suggested solutions. Owing to their history, going back at least 5000 years in time . He tried to find the bones of contention between the two peoples, clearly laying out the issues and problems along with the need to resolve them.

 Methodology

Sample and data collection
She obtained much efforts to search and investigate the roots of the conflict by making interview with one male instructor from our university ” IUG ” who studied it before ( see appendix ). The other is from Brazil. The first instructor is Dr.Hany who got his PHD in political science. The second is Sergio Storch who is Jewish man .

Procedures and analysis
The researcher tried to know the point of view from both sides . The interview contained three open questions discussing the core information she needed in her research. The researcher herself analyzed the answers of the interviewers . In order to make this interview, she saw many who specialized in this field . However, she faced a lot of problems : First, she make it at the end of the semester, So the teachers are usually busy in this time preparing for final exams. Second, most of them giving a general thing about the topic, not accurate . Finally, she found one of them who has some time for the researcher .

Results and Discussions

Regarding to the first question both have different views . Dr.Hany said its not easy to have one reason which Israeli side to make just solution . They have intention to build settlement in Palestine, Israeli position not to give up their intention . They neglecting any chance of peace . its unjust position of IC. Regarding to Sergio, Both people are fearful for not entrusting each other, for historical reasons…
Jews have a 2000-years traumatic history that hasn´t been overcome yet, and their leaders get many more votes in the elections if they resonate with that historical sentiment, so they exploit the fear.
Every time an Arab leader or a Moslem leader such as Iran´s Ahmadinejad or Hamas or Hizbollah says anything that these Jewish leaders can use, the pro-occupation leaders get stronger, and the against-occupation leaders get weaker. So, verbal threats, and any attack against Israelis go in disfavor of Palestinians, because Nettanyahu followers will use them.
Going to the second question , Dr. Hany said Occupation is the main cause of the conflict . They don’t consider the existence in Palestine . Moreover , Israelis believe of their rights in the Palestinian lands as their holy land since ancient times . Also , when they emigrated to Palestine they were violated by their leaders that they have the right in this land . Moving to the Jewish man he said there‘s not only one belief on our side . Zionism isn´t to be seen as the devil. There are so many different zionisms not only one . You Arabs see it as a stereotype, over simplistically. The dominant belief on our side about the root of the conflict is that Arabs showed repeatedly that they don´t accept Israel as a neighbor in the Middle East. when you say that, “it´s our land”, you confirm what the majority of us believe, that we Jews are unwanted in that place. And most of us Jews, if not 99,9%, consider that it´s our land too.
So if you consider it´s your land, and we consider it´s our land, there´s no solution other than one side expelling the other, or then.
Regarding the answers to the final question, Dr. Hani said its well known through the past history that Palestinians are the owners of this land that’s why we have historical facts relate to this issue . Especially if you look at the cities and villages you can find the Palestinian touch in such cities and places . The historical facts make it complicated . They still connected to Kingdom period . They believe this is their land and they have been away for 1000 hundred years. For Muslims its an Islamic land , Muslim state in Palestine , where the first people who lived there about 5 thousand year ago. This based on promise was given by Palestinian nation . For Sergio , he thinks it´ll be necessary to solving the conflict. However, we can start just talking, exactly as we are doing, so that people on both sides get used to listening. Imagine that you get 1 more person on your side to talk with 1 more person on ours.

Summary and suggestion
Israeli- Palestinian conflict was since ages not a new thing . The seeds of the conflict was when the Kingdom gave the land for Israelis and claim its their land. At this paper, the topic took much concentration on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. In this paper, she chose one Palestinian instructor and the other is Brazilian who both have a wide knowledge about the conflict . Regarding to their answers , everyone has some views and beliefs different from the other .
At the end of this paper, the researcher suggest that in order to understand any text or topic which is literary or politically, you should read it critically, and try to analyze it . Even though you read others point of view, you must have your own ideas and opinions. Finally, You must seek the reality and truth not just depending on others views.

Works Cited
Akram, S.M & Lynk, S.M.(2013). The Israeli –Palestinian Conflict and the International Law. BU School of Law. Retrieved from http://www.bu.edu/law/2013.
Cattan, H.(1973). Palestine and the international law. (second edition)
Darwaz,H.(1981).The Palestinian Question : A Breif Analysis, p.40-49.Islamabad.
Forrer,R. (2012) Breakthrough: Transforming fear into compassion – A new Persepective on the Israel- Palestine conflict, P288-296.
Hurewits,J.(1956).Diplomacy in the Near and Middle East, Vol.II , P.45 , Van Nostrand.
Pragati, K.B.(2013). Israel-Palestine Conflict: History and solution . National Law University. Retrieved from http://www.studymood.com/essays/Israel- Palestine-conflict-international-relations-1596155.html.

 Appendix 

Interview‘s questions on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
1. What is preventing a just solution for the Israeli –Palestinian conflict ?
2. What does each side believe is the root of the conflict ?
3. How will facing historical facts be important to solving this conflict ?

 The Researcher :
Rana Alshami
Islamic University-Gaza

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