Ouyang Xiu Essay On Fundamentals Of Management

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- Qin Shi#145
1
琴史 #145 2  
Ouyang Xiu at Chuzhou 3  
Ouyang Xiu (1007 - 1072) one of China's foremost writers of poetry and prose (guwen free-style prose). He was also an historian, statesman and epigrapher. He had numerous style names and pen names including Yongshu, Mr. One of Six,4 and the Old Toper.5 As a poet he is most closely associated with his contemporaries Mei Yaochen and Su Shunqin, as well as with his "successor" Su Dongbo (1037-1101).

Although Ouyang Xiu's family, from Luling (Ji'an in today's Jiangxi province), was relatively poor, Ouyang Xiu himself was able to pass the civil service examination of 1030 and join the government service. Early in his government career be became an important official in the reform faction, but after the reformers lost power he was relegated to less important postings, including one in 1149 at Chuzhou in eastern Anhui province, about 100 km northwest of Nanjing. While there he apparently had a residence built in the nearby Langya mountains.6 Today this area is a public park with a pavilion named after the original Old Toper's Pavilion (Zuiweng Ting) described by Ouyang (see his poem) and several of his contemporaries. It was particularly interesting to visit this park during the process of learning the related melody Zuiweng Yin.

In A Farewell to Yang Zhi (see below) Ouyang Xiu mentions that he had studied qin with his friend Sun Daozi, including several melodies in the gong mode.7 Xu Jian's History, Chapter 6a2, has related information.

At least two poetic writings by Ouyang Xiu have been set for qin music:

  1. Lang Tao Sha
  2. Qiu Sheng Fu8

Some of his qin-related writings are in Qinshu Daquan

Another poem of his that mentions the qin, Recalling Secluded Valley at Chuzhou, is translated in Michael Fuller, The Road to East Slope.12

Folio 20A #37-8 has two poems about qin that Ouyang Xiu sent to Mei Yaochen. The first of these has been translated by Jonathan Chaves as follows:

Professor Chaves has also translated the matching-rhyme response by Mei Yaochen.

The original biography in Qin Shi begins as follows:

Translation incomplete.

 
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1.Ouyang Xiu references
16539.109 歐陽修:廬陵人(今江西吉安縣治 1007 - 1072),觀之子,字永叔,子號醉翁... Ouyang Xiu, (family) from 廬陵 Luling (吉安 Ji'an, about 200 km south of Nanchang in today's Jiangxi province), was a son of (Ouyang) Guan; style name Yongshu, nickname Old Toper.... Also: pen names 六一居士 Mr. One of Six and 歐陽子方 Ouyang Zifang. He was born while his father was serving as an official in Sichuan province.

English language references (in addition to Wikipedia) include,

2. 19 lines
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3.Image
From a stone engraving; Ouyang Xiu had a favorite retreat at Chuzhou. Further details not known
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4. 六一居士 Mr. One of Six
Ouyang Xiu once explained to a guest that in his home he had 10,000 folios of books he had collected, 1,000 scrolls with inscriptions dating as early as the Xia-Shang-Zhou, one qin, one chess set, and usually one pot of wine. When the guest said this was just one-of-five, Ouyang said, I am an old man amongst these five; does that not make six? (1477.4 六一居士 has this quote from 六一居士傳.
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5.Old Toper (醉翁 Zuiweng)
The nickname Old Toper is discussed in detail in the Qin Shi article; see also Langya Mountains below and under Old Toper's Chant.
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6.Langya 琅琊 (site of the Old Toper's Pavilion)
Dictionaries give ye as the pronunciation for 琊, but almost all the geographical references Romanize 琅琊 as Langya or Lang Ya rather than Langye or Lang Ye. Langya is a group of low mountains just west of 滁州 Chuzhou in southeastern Anhui province, about 100 km northwest of Nanjing. Ouyang Xiu's term as an official in Chuzhou was quite short (1049), but he apparently spent more time there in exile. He also died in Anhui province in 1072, but that was near what is today 阜陽 Fuyang in northwestern Anhui; it is thus not clear how much time Ouyang Xiu actually spent at Langya.
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7. For Yang Zhi see the poem. For 孫道滋 Sun Daozi (Bio/xxx; 39843.xxx) see also Van Gulik, Lore, p.153; it has a quote in which Ouyang Xiu says that after studying a few melodies in the gong mode from Sun Daozi he enjoyed them for a long time and did not know melancholy.
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8.Sounds of Autumn 秋聲賦 (a fu: Ode, Rhapsody, Prose-Poem)
See separate entry.
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9. HJAS 57, Ronald Egan, Music, Sadness and the Qin, pp.63/4).
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10. 歐陽修,三琴記 Ouyang Xiu, A Record of Three Qins
Ronald Egan's translation is included in Victor Mair, The Columbia Anthology of Traditional Chinese Literature, p. 589. The essay includes the following passage, of importance to anyone contemplating studying the qin (translation slightly modified from R. H. Van Gulik, Lore, p.20)

11彈琴效賈島體 Playing Qin - (written) in the style of Jia Dao
According to Jonathan Chaves, in this poem (Mei Yao-ch'en, p. 92) "the poet dreams of a dignified gentleman whose zither playing conjures up wind and clouds, and inspires the birds and animals to sing. When the poet awakens and finds that the musician has disappeared, he weeps copiously. The relationship of this poem to Chia Tao's style is obscure, but it does demonstrate an interest in Chia's poetry."
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12 p.37 (bi-lingual)
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Return to QSCB, or to the Guqin ToC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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